Teach your child to put letters in words, and words in sentences – the task is not easy. On this difficult path from parents will require patience, accuracy and consistency. Today we will answer the main questions: how to teach a child to read by syllables without the help of teachers, and what exercises to teach reading at home are most effective.
Teaching Reading: Is your child ready to learn to read?
According to psychologists, the best age for teaching reading is from 4.5 to 6 years. In practice, the best age for learning to read is 5 years. It is worth remembering that each child is individual in his or her development, and if you do not meet the generally accepted deadlines, it only suggests that the learning process should be slightly postponed.
There are a number of factors that tell you whether your child is ready to learn to read at the moment. These are the most important ones:
There are no problems with pronunciation – the child has the right pace and rhythm of speech, all sounds are set;
No problem with hearing – the child does not ask many times, nor does it churn simple words;
Sufficient command of speech – a rich vocabulary, the ability to build phrases and understandable for others to express their thoughts;
Advanced phonemic hearing – the child can freely distinguish speech sounds, play the sounds heard, call the first / last sound in the word;
Free orientation in space – the child is clear about right/left and up/down.
As the child watches closely, you will notice a moment when he or she will be interested in adding letters to words. Familiar symbols on shop signs the child will show Mom and Dad, and one day he will try to read the whole. Of course, in his first attempts, the baby will probably read the word wrong, but it’s not terrible – it suggests that his brain is ripe to learn a new skill.
5 important tips on developing a child’s reading skills
Mothers and dads who want to teach their child to read as quickly as possible should be very sensitive in their approach to this important issue. To ensure that your child does not lose interest in reading from the first lesson, we offer you relevant tips. They will help to instil in your child the love of reading in the learning process.
Alphabet from an early age
Let the baby from the baby’s age “absorb” like a sponge, the name of the letters in song and play form. Short memorable poems about the letters will be put aside in children’s memory, and closer to two years, the child will be able to quite consciously tell them. Include from time to time a variety of songs and mini cartoons about the alphabet, especially since in this filing letters are memorable playful.
For a preschooler, the game is the main process through which he learns the world around him, including learning skills. Boring lessons and cogging will not bring the proper result, moreover, the child may not like reading. Present information in a warm environment, patiently, and the child will learn at a pace that suits him or her.
Work out every day.
If you started taking the first steps in syllabic reading, and they went fruitless, it’s too early to give up. You can take a break of 1-2 days, and then try again. Did your child manage to read a couple of syllables from vowels? Great, so the initial reading skills are in place and they need to be developed. Study regularly, and the result will not wait.
Be interested in reading and past tense of ride.
Often, learning difficulties arise with those children who were barely read in childhood, and relatives did not give their own example of reading books. This can be corrected. In your home should appear stories, fairy tales, children’s fiction, interesting to your child. Past tense of ride for for the little ones. Make it a family tradition to read a little work before going to bed. The child will not give up parental attention, and an interesting story will stimulate his interest in the book.
From simple to complex.
It happens that the child knows the names of the letters, but does not know the sounds. The child will not be able to learn to read until he or she has learned to pronounce sounds well. In this case, work out in stages:
learn the sounds;
move on to reading by syllables;
teach your child to merge syllables.
The first steps to reading: getting to know the letters
To teach your child to read, you need to maintain interest in books and letters from an early age. Gre verbal practice for children. Typically, at age 2-3, toddlers begin to pay attention to the alphabet. It is very important for parents to provide the right learning space at this point.
A child will remember the letters pretty quickly if there is a bright poster with the Russian alphabet in his sight. Krokha points at the letter – say the appropriate sound. You may have to go back to “A” and “B” more than once and repeat them, but this is how the baby will remember them more quickly. For busy parents, an interactive panel with letters will be a good help – it sounds the letter that the child presses.
To memorize the letters of the alphabet, it is important for the child to use and touch. For the development of abstract thinking, your child should get acquainted with letters molded from plasticine, or carved out of cardboard. Pay attention to the similarity of objects and letters – the turnstile is similar to the “P”, and bagel – poured letter “O”.
Tea party with letters
The process of learning letters will be very fun and delicious if you offer your child an edible alphabet. With the help of shaped macaroni you can make “Abwgdake” soup, and for dessert bake handmade cookies – alphabet.
With the help of magnetic alphabet you can turn the process of learning letters into a fun and memorable game. For example, it is possible to entice kids of 1-2 years, simply attaching a letter to a refrigerator surface and pronouncing it. “Give me a bukowka! What do we have here? It’s a letter A!” If a kid is 3 years old, he’ll love the game of “magnetic fishing.” You need all the magnetic letters in the container, and make an improvised pole out of a stick and a rope with a magnet. Catching “fish”, say its name, drawing an analogy with the word. “It’s Fish G! “Look how it looks like a bug!”
On the keys…
Kids really like to repeat the actions of adults. Let your child press the buttons in the open text editor – he’ll be interested in the appearance of letters on the screen. Show him how to type the easiest word “mom”. You can print the first letter and give it to your baby. Even if there is a completely unthinkable combination, it will be a kind of push to memorize the alphabet. Also for mastering the letters can be given to the child “to rip” the old keyboard from the computer.